I’m not sure what kind of flower this is, but our out back pasture has a lot of it.
Pollinator FriendlyMay 26, 2023
Book GiveawayApril 26, 2023
I don’t normally do this, but this author must’ve caught me on a good day, so when she asked if I would do a book promotion for her I said sure send me the book and I’ll read it.
And guess what? It’s a good story and she’s a great writer.
It’s young adult, so not my typical reading, but it is very readable and that’s the number one quality I feel for good writing.
February Litters in MarchMarch 15, 2023
Litters are doing well. I’m amazed at how tough the piglets are as they start to venture outside.
February Litters DueFebruary 20, 2023
We are excited for a couple of litters ready to pop any day now. Hoping they avoid farrowing during the predicted winter storm Wed/Thurs, but probably will, as a dropping barometer tends to induce labor.
Old Farmer Tip #3:Bedding CattleJanuary 19, 2023
I don’t have a good photo of bedding cattle, so I just threw this one in here of a nice heifer calf from this fall.
Bedding cattle, for those of you who don’t know, is the practice of laying down forage, usually straw, to give the cattle more comfort in winter or in muddy conditions.
For those of you who bed cattle on a hillside, here’s something to try. The natural inclination, for me at least, is to bed around the contour of the hill, which works fine.
But one day I decided to bed up and down the hill, and I saw right away that the cattle prefer and utilize the bedding better when it’s bedded up and down the hill.
Strange but true, at least for my herd. Give it a try, and let me know if it works for your herd.
Old Farmer Tip #2: Hydraulic HoseNovember 20, 2022
The second tip in my series is about hooking and unhooking hydraulic hoses. Took me a while to figure out why sometimes it seems there was pressure on the hydraulic hose when I went to hook it up and then I realized if I unhook the hydraulic hose with pressure on it then there is pressure when I go to hook it back up again.
So to make sure there isn’t pressure I almost always shut the tractor off and move the hydraulic lever back-and-forth to release all pressure before I unhook any hydraulic hoses. Let me know if this helps any of you.
Old Farmer Tip #1: Sorting LivestockOctober 2, 2022
Old Farmer Tip #1: Sorting Livestock
Contributing to the axiom, “Nothing is given so freely as advice,” I’m starting a new series of tips and tricks I’ve learned over the years.
You don’t need to corral livestock to sort them. If you have livestock which come to you and are used to going through a gate into the next pasture, which is true for most of us rotational grazers, you can sort at any gate by simply moving a few steps back and forth.
Sorting animals who are facing you, wanting to go by you, is a breeze. The challenge is to have patience and work slowly enough so you don’t make mistakes.
My buddy, who also farms and markets at DCFM, came over to help me. I told him what I was doing, and to watch my right side, as I would primarily be sorting to my left, and its impossible to watch everywhere when the animals are moving aggressively.
Our herd has about 90 cows and 90 calves. We sorted 80 cows through the gate into the next pasture in maybe ten to fifteen minutes. Because we hadn’t been pressuring the rest of the herd, they felt comfortable staying near the gate. So we simply moved around them and drove the entire herd down the lane into the corral where we finished sorting.
A video would show this a lot better, but I was too busy to film. I may make one in the future though, as I’ve started using tiktok, which makes it very easy to make short videos. Search Curiousfarmer if you would like to see some of the videos I’ve been making. Or check out this link of moving the herd a few weeks ago.
Water Holding Capacity, Soil vs. Straw Bale GardenAugust 9, 2022
Three inches of rain from midnight until 6 am, with most of it coming hard between midnight and 2 am, and I’m happy to report most of it soaked in! 2022 is the year I truly learned to appreciate the water holding capacity of soil.
Clearly my straw bale garden was going to be superior to my wife Isabel’s garden. How could it not be? I read the book. I looked at the beautiful photos.
Weeds are an ongoing struggle in Isabel’s garden. If the book is correct, I should have nary a weed in my straw bales. The only thing that concerned me was how much the Joel Karsten, the author, talked about a watering system for the straw bale garden.
Mr. Karsten recommended a soaker hose running the entire length of the straw bale garden and run daily on a timer, so as to never forget watering. I figured I could turn the water on and off myself, but I did install a soaker hose when I made my straw bale garden.
And boy am I glad I did, as you can probably predict, straw bales don’t hold on to water very well, and the garden needed daily watering.
Isabel’s garden on the other hand thrived without daily watering. Its good soil, and the previous fall I covered with a thick layer of homemade compost.
I come away from the experience with a greater respect for the water holding capacity of soil. And I know whatever I can do to improve my soil’s capacity, the better I’ll be able to grow things, because I never forget the saying, ‘Water is the best fertilizer.’
We farmers spend a lot of our energy thinking about the minor details, probably because we’re bombarded by advertisers trying to sell us on the minor details. But its important to remember that no product we can purchase is as valuable as an inch of rain at the right time.
If I can improve my soils to hold more water, essentially I’ll be getting water at the right time, when its dry and the plants need it.
So I’m super happy to see very little runoff this morning, creeks aren’t up, the water is soaking in. With these 3 inches of rain we probably have enough water for the rest of the growing season.
I probably won’t do a straw bale garden next year. It doesn’t make much sense when you’re blessed with as good of soil as we are.
Here is another photo of the straw bale garden. You can see I’ve given enough water as the bales are breaking down. The only thing that did really well for me is a couple of the tomato plants.
I traded meat for plants with my DCFM neighbor Mark this spring. He’s got some good stuff and I’m really starting to enjoy some black cherry tomatoes. But as usual, the best thing from this whole experience is what I’ve learned.
Revelations aren’t free.
Matthew’s ReminderJuly 7, 2022
WARNING: Detailed and Long Post. I wrote this to remind me of our selection goals and to hold myself accountable. If you’re not me or Larry from Madison, I suggest you skip this long post.
100% Calf Crop. If you’re a cow/calf producer and you aren’t weaning a calf from every cow, I’ve just saved you time by identifying what should be your #1 goal.
But, but, but. I know, you have more butts than a Piedmontese stud, and its your herd, and you aren’t going to take my word for it. Why should you? Who am I anyway?
I’ll tell you. I’m a guy who’s been farming his whole life, made most every mistake once, sometimes twice, (I’m a slow learner), and hung in there long enough that we make a living farming.
But you’re still not going to take my advice about your herd. And you shouldn’t. Its your herd.
So, where are you going with your herd? Can you verbalize your goals? Have you ever written them down.
Write down your goals!
You know who we lie to the most? Ourselves. Writing down your goals keeps you accountable to yourself.
I’ll use our farm as an example. These are the traits we’ve identified and written down as being top priority for our farm.
Our #1 trait is Disposition.
Why is Disposition our top trait? My work crew is 2 elderly parents, a wife, and a toddler.
I loaded two old bulls the other day with the help of my wife and Grandpa. Grandpa got to ride his 4 wheel drive ATV. My wife and I walked through ankle deep mud, and one of her boots leaks.
To inspire my wife’s courage I used audible cues, “Come on honey!” She came on. We got the bulls loaded and I hauled them to market.
At the end of a long day I looked for my supper and I realized it was going to be something I remember my mom serving my dad from time to time. In our family its a dish called, “Find it yourself.”
So yes, Disposition is going to stay at the top for the foreseeable future. We need to have cattle we can work with.
Our next most important trait is Calving Ease.
I anxiously watched my first heifer of the calving season try to push out a calf, Wednesday, April 6th, 2022. 20 mph wind was blowing rain sideways. We don’t have fancy calving barns so we wait until April to start calving here in southwest Wisconsin.
I told my wife we were going to have to wait until this heifer had her calf safely before we went to Platteville. We had planned an outing to Farm and Fleet, maybe lunch at Culver’s, but that was on hold while we waited.
And I prayed that the calving ease bull we used was truly easy calving, as it was not going to be easy to help this heifer if she had a problem. The pasture I have these heifers calving in is pretty nice, with stockpiled fescue, and hills for drainage, and draws to get out of the wind.
But it would not be easy to help her as we would have to walk her through the muddy winter hay feeding lot, up to the pen by the barn, and then either haul her to my parents corral or haul the catch chute up to my barn.
Well it took most of the morning, but the heifer had her calf unassisted, with my dedication to calving ease only strengthened. We missed our lunch at Culver’s, but happy to have a live calf.
I should mention we want both kinds of calving ease, direct and maternal. Direct calving ease estimates how easily a bull’s calves will be born. Maternal calving ease estimates how well a bull’s daughters will calve.
The final trait we select is Soundness. And by Soundness I mean feet and legs, breeding, and udder.
If your cow can’t walk because of long hooves or poor legs, she won’t stay in the herd. If the bull and cow can’t connect, no calf. And if the newborn calf can’t stand up and put his mouth around a functioning teat, Matthew has to stop whatever else he’s doing and get the cow into the corral and help the calf nurse.
The first Soundness traits keep you in the cattle business. The last Soundness trait keeps me from being annoyed, and since I don’t like being annoyed, its definitely staying in our Soundness criteria.
For our farm, that’s it! 3 Traits, Disposition, Calving Ease, and Soundness. If you think I’m cheating by subgrouping 3 traits into soundness, then fine, call it 5 traits we select.
What do you select? Keep in mind, the more traits you select, the less emphasis and progress you can make on any one trait.
What don’t we select? Off the top of my head, weaning weight, yearling weight, milk, maintenance energy, average daily gain, dry matter intake, marbling, carcass weight, yield. And everything else, except for one trait I forgot to mention.
We like red cattle. Most of our neighbors have black cattle. We like red cattle, so we select red cattle. Maybe you don’t care what color your cattle are, fine, its your herd.
What traits do you select?
Remember to keep it simple! The more traits you select, the less progress you will make in any trait.
Let’s take a ludicrous example and say that you and a buddy have talked it over and decided that cattle need long tails to swat flies. The longer the better. You both decide to add tail length to your selection criteria.
Now this is a great trait to make progress on, because its measurable, and most likely highly heritable. All you have to do is measure tail length at a consistent time in your cattle’s life, select the best, and breed the best to the best. You will increase the tail length in your cattle.
Now your buddy is a reasonable person, and she likes well balanced cattle, so while she does select for tail length, she also selects for disposition, calving ease, weaning and yearling weight, and she does a little direct marketing of beef, so she even looks at the marbling EPD.
You, on the other hand, are not a reasonable person. You don’t care about anything besides tail length. You measure tails and you breed the best to the best.
Now let’s say you and your buddy are consistent in your selection and keep after this for several years, several generations, who is going to have cattle with longer tails?
Your buddy may have well balanced cattle with beautiful tails, but you, you unreasonable person, will have cattle that can swat a fly off the tip of their nose!
When people talk about long tailed cattle, your name will go down as the visionary, the pioneer. You’ll be the Thomas Edison of long tailed cattle.
Now depending on what traits long tails in cattle is correlated with, will determine what your cattle look like. Maybe they’ll be tall, wild, quiet, easy calving or require c sections to calve. You don’t care. You wanted long tails and you got them!
So, I ask you, what do you want? And will you have the guts to go after it? And will you have the courage to hold yourself accountable and write it down?
Celebrate: Larry and GretaJuly 4, 2022
Dane County Farmer’s Market is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year!
The Dane County Farmer’s Market, (DCFM), is a big part of our life. And I realized, for many of our regular customers, it’s also a big part of their life.
Because just as regular vendors make a market, so do regular customers. It’s a community.
So we are going to celebrate this community with an ongoing series.
It’s always good to see Larry and Greta at market. Larry is even one of the few people to give me positive feedback about blog posts. He doesn’t even seem to mind the ones that are too long. Thank you, Larry and Greta!
How long have you been attending DCFM: Since we moved to Madison 20 years ago this fall.
DCFM memory: The relationships with vendors. With apologies to Matthew, we’ve known some vendors for all of those 20 years. They’ve seen our kids grow up and we’ve visited some of their farms.
Curious Farmer favorite: Selfishly I don’t want to say but flat iron steak, skirt steak and brisket are all really great cuts.
Go to meal: With the flat iron or skirt, just hit them with some lime juice, salt and pepper before grilling and chopping for taco Tuesdays.