Late Fall Farrowing in Hoop Barn


A farming couple from Wisconsin has been emailing questions about farrowing in hoop barns. I’ve been answering their questions, but I realized I haven’t posted a summary of my latest farrowing iteration.
These photos show the way the hoop barn was set up for the late November, early December litters. They did very well. Almost all of them chose a hut to farrow in, and with no outstandingly bad litters, they managed to wean a 9 average, which I am very happy with.

The 18 feet at the south end of my hoop barns is concrete on which the waterer and feeders are situated.  The remaining 66 feet is bare dirt, covered with sand, then deep straw bedding.  I positioned 6 farrowing huts along each side and probably could have fit 7, but I took up some space with large straw bales positioned on each side so that I would have slices I could use to add a little fresh bedding as needed.  You can see some of the slices positioned on top of some of the huts.

I split the south end with wire panels at the waterer, so that my gestating sows could come into the building to drink, but would be separated from the lactating sows and piglets.  Thawed water is a problem in a Wisconsin winter, so any place that has a heated waterer is valuable.  Click on the photo above to see more detail.  The girl in the photos is a friend of the family.  We were walking the goats, hence the funny looking animal in the background.




I had a couple of problems, but was very lucky as one problem ended up solving the other.  You can see the piglets are very similar in size.  This is because the sows were artificially inseminated with semen back in July.  I had a very high success rate, but didn’t want to rebreed the sows with artificial insemination in January, as I don’t have a heated barn to work in, and fear the cold would kill the semen before it even had a chance.

I am a little short on boar power, having only Taiphan, the Duroc.  If I weaned all the sows at once, which is what I planned to do, most of the sows would come into heat at about the same time and Taiphan would be overworked, probably not settling even half of the sows.

But as the sows were six weeks or so into their lactations, some of them started to return to estrus.  Taiphan could smell that, and wasn’t about to let a little wire panel stop him from doing his job.  So somehow he pushed and bent and jumped over the wire panel, breeding the sow in heat.  You can see Taiphan in the right of the photo.

At first I put my mind to figuring out how to take him back out of the hoop and beef up the wire panel enough to keep him out.  But then I realized that the lactating sows would probably come back to estrus at a rate that Taiphan may be able to keep up with.  All I had to do was be lazy and leave Taiphan in with the lactating sows.

That is just what I did, and for the next couple of weeks he bred the sows as they came back to estrus.  At about eight weeks, I weaned all the piglets, moving them to another hoop building, and Taiphan finished breeding the few sows that had yet to return to estrus.  And I haven’t seen any sows returning to estrus, so he may have all of them bred for spring litters.  As they say, “It’s better to be lucky than good!”

12 Responses to Late Fall Farrowing in Hoop Barn

  1. Bill Beaman says:

    Good to see you posting again! Did you have any supplemental heat in the farrowing huts?

  2. Thanks Bill! No supplemental heat in huts.

  3. Tara says:

    Oh, my goodness, I love seeing all these healthy pigs! What kind of goat? Nigerian dwarf?

  4. Thanks Tara! I think the goat is a Toggenburg, a dairy breed. She’s my son’s.

    • Tara says:

      That’s a new goat for me! Thanks for expanding my goat horizons. They all look great. I’m so glad to see how your farrowing has come along!

  5. Good post Mathew, glad to see the big boar not hurting the little pigs. Now you know what to do next year too.

  6. sugarmtnfarm says:

    With your boar you came to the same solution we use. We simply run our boars as herds with the sows. Occasionally some sows might be in a group away from boars at any time but those that need breeding are with boars and spaced so everyone’s getting the attention they need, and the volume of semen they require. We also run a more boars – we have boar centric herds that we shift sows between to control genetic lines. Our boars are no problem with piglets. I find the boars are much more manageable and happier if they at least have some gestating sows with them. Otherwise they start thinking about what’s on the wind.

    I’m very interested to see inside your hoops. For years we’ve had a variety of smaller structures and this year we built a 38’x96′ hoop house, a greenhouse with an open south end. Currently it has a tarp on it but we’ll put the translucent fabric on it this summer, I hope. Our goal is to use it for farrowing during our half the year when snows are here and then we’ll continue doing pasture farrowing during the warm seasons.

    The warm winds were blowing today so hopefully the last 2′ of snow will melt soon.

    • Thanks, Walter! I think you’ll really like the hoop barn. I’ve read your blog and find your success in the cold and snow amazing. I haven’t had as good of luck outside in the winter, but am doing fine inside the hoop down to about 20 F.
      We are warmer here. Might get the disc out tomorrow or the next day and plant oats. Got to get my potatoes in the ground also.

      • sugarmtnfarm says:

        Plant? In the snow? Our lands are glacier white… I thought Wisconsin was the same. I guess you must be a couple of months ahead of us on the calendar. Someone visited from Virginia last week and he was cold. It had snowed 3″ the night before. He said his peaches were done blooming. Needless to say he did not have snow tires.

  7. Estvan de Klerk says:

    Very nice article. Do you find it necessary to give the piglets iron injections? I know they say you dont need to do it if they are on dirt as they get minerals from the ground, but with all the straw covering the dirt, do you have to do it?

    • Estvan,
      Yes, in theory you should give iron shots when they are farrowing in the hoop barns, but I don’t and they seem to do fine.
      I’ve noticed the growth of the piglets born in the cold seems to be slower at first, but they seem to catch up later. I don’t think that has anything to do with iron, just thought I would mention it.

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